【高考】高中英語最常考的60個熟詞新義,2018高考生尤其要掌握!


今天,和大家分享60個高中英語常考的熟詞新義,它們分布在各類題型中。尤其是2018高考生尤其要掌握哦!



1.absent  adj.缺席的→adj.茫然的,恍惚的


She looked at the picture in an absent(茫然的)way.


2.ache  v.& n.疼痛→v.渴望


Having left for ages,he was aching(渴望)for home.


3.address  n.地址   v.寫地址→vt.發表演說


The president will address(發表演說)his speech at 3:00 pm.


4.against  prep.逆著,反對;倚,靠;碰→prep.以...為背景


The picture looks nice against(以...為背景)the white wall.


5.attend  v.出席;參加→v.看護;治療;陪同


The nurse attended(看護)to him day and night.


6.blank  adj.空白的 n.空白→adj.沒表情的;空虛的;沒興趣的


The stranger returned my greeting with a blank(沒表情的)look.


7.blue  adj.& n.藍色→adj.憂傷的


His songs always make me feel blue(憂傷的).


8.build  vt.建築,建造→v.逐漸增強 n.體格,體形,身材


One should receive training to build(逐漸增強)up one's confidence.


You're right,Josh. He may have a small build(身材).


9.cause  vt.促使,引起→n.原因,起因;事業,目標


Even with a staff of 22 volunteers,Thomas often devotes up to 50 hours a week to his cause(事業).


10.cloudy  adj.陰的,多雲的→adj.不明朗的,不清晰的


Who will take his place still remains cloudy(不明朗的).


11.coach  n.教練→v.輔導,指導


She coached(指導)me in playing football.


12.count  n.& v.計算,數→vi.有價值,重要


It is not how much you read but what you read that counts(重要).


13.course  n.課程;過程→n.一道菜


The courses(菜譜)vary with seasons.


14.cover  v.覆蓋→v.行走(一段路程);足以支付,夠付;采訪n.書刊封麵,封皮


Motor-cars cover(行走一段路程)a hundred miles in little more than an hour.


To cover(足以支付)the cost of hiring a bus, each student will have to pay $10 each time.


15.cross  v.跨越,橫穿n.十字→adj.生氣的


Don't be cross(生氣的)with him—after all,he is a child.


16.desert  n.沙漠→v.拋棄,離棄


He deserted(拋棄)his  wife  and  children  and  went abroad.


17.deal  vi.處理,解決→n.交易


Having been cheated in a business deal(交易),he was reduced to nothing.


18.develop  v.發展;開發;研製→v.衝印


Did you have the films developed(衝印)?


19.drive  v.駕駛→v.迫使(某人做不好的事)


Hunger drove(迫使)her to steal.


20.express  v.表達→n.快車


Is there an express(快車)from Nanjing to Shanghai?


21.encourage  vt.鼓勵;激勵→v.促進,助長,刺激


Good health encourages(促進)clear thinking.


22.escape  v.逃跑;逃脫→v.被忘掉;被忽視


The name escapes(被忘掉)me for the moment.


23.explode  v.爆炸;爆裂→v.勃然大怒;大發雷霆


I'm about to explode(勃然大怒)!He broke his promise again.


24.exploit  v.開發;開采;剝削→v.利用


You must exploit(利用)every opportunity to learn English.


25.fail  vi.失敗→vi.(健康)衰退,變弱


William found it increasingly difficult to read,for his eyesight was beginning to fail(變弱).


26.foreign  adj.外國的;外交的→adj.不熟悉的


The subject is foreign(不熟悉的)to all of us.


27.freeze  vi.結冰,(使)凍結→v.驚呆,嚇呆


Grandfather froze(嚇呆) in fear. Was he going to lose his job?


28.fresh  adj.新鮮的→adj.無經驗的


She is quite fresh(無經驗的)to the work.


29.ground  n.地麵→n.理由


He has strong grounds(理由)for more money.


30.govern  v.管理;控製→vt.影響;支配


The law of supply and demand governs(影響)the prices of goods.


31.help  vt.幫助→vi.避免,防止,起作用


Try not to cough more than you can help(避免,防止)since it may cause problems to your lungs.


32.hit  v.擊中,打擊→n.成功;紅極一時的人或事


Tuhao is quite a hit(風行一時的事物)of this year.


33.ill  adj.生病的→adj./adv.壞的/地


It's no good speaking ill(壞地)of others.


She had brought ill (壞的)luck into her family.


34.interest  n.興趣→n.利益;股份


Our family has interests(利益)  in the business.


35.inspire  v.激勵;鼓舞→v.啟發


His best music was inspired(啟發) by the memory of his mother.


36.jump  v.& n.跳→n.& v.大幅度上漲


Last week the price of goods jumped(大幅度上漲).


37.kill  v.殺死,弄死→v.消磨或打發(時間)


How does the man kill(打發時間)time?


38.last  adj.最後的→adj.最不可能的


He is the last(最不可能的)man I want to see.


39.match  n.火柴,旗鼓相當的人→vt.般配,與…匹配


She matched(匹配)the carpet with some very nice curtains in colour.


40.mean  v.打算;意味著→adj.小氣的,吝嗇的 means n.方式,方法


He is too mean(吝嗇的)to make a donation.


In many places in China, the bicycle is still a popular means(方式)of transportation.


41.measure  n.措施,方法→v.估量,判定(重要性、價值或影響等)


It's hard to measure(判定) his ability when we haven't seen his work.


42.narrow  adj.狹窄的→vt.縮小,使變窄


Parents and children should communicate more to narrow (使變窄,縮小)  the gap between them so that they can understand each other better.


43.nurse  n.護士,保姆→v.看護,照料(病人或傷者)


For two days he was nursed(照料)by his mother.


44.note  n.筆記→v.注意,特別指出,提及


I noted(注意到)that her hands were dirty.


45.open  v.開adj.開著的,打開的→adj.(問題、議事等)未解決的


They left the matter open(未解決的).


46.operate  vi.機器運轉工作;做手術→vi.起作用


The medicine operated(起作用)quickly.


47.position  n.位置;職位→n.立場;觀點


What's your position(觀點)on the problem?


48.promise  v.& n.許諾→v.有……的希望;使……有可能


The dark clouds promise(使……有可能)rain.


49.read  v.閱讀→v.理解;領會


I didn't read(領會)mother's thoughts at that time.


50.say  vt.說→vt.假定,顯示,表明


Say(假定)that war breaks out, what will you do?


51.shoulder  n.肩膀→v.承擔


Young people should learn to shoulder(承擔)the blame.


52.solid  adj.固定的,堅硬的→adj.可靠的,可信賴的


The research lacks solid(可靠的)evidence, and therefore, its conclusions are doubtful.


53.strength  n.力,力量,體力→n.長處,強項


A basketball coach must know the strengths(長處)and weaknesses of his players.


54.taste  v.品嚐,嚐出……味道→n.味道,鑒賞力,愛好


While she was in Paris, she developed a taste(愛好)for fine art.


55.sign  n.符號,記號→n.跡象,預兆 v.簽字,簽署


Bearing responsibility for his mistakes is a sign(征兆)of a man's maturity.


Therefore, students should be advised to sign(簽字)up as soon as possible.


56.stand  v.站,站立,直立→v.忍受 n.貨攤


The author could not stand(忍受)living in a wooden house.


I found the fish stand(貨攤)surrounded in a sea of customers.


57.store  n.(大型)百貨商店→v.& n.貯藏,貯存,保存


Although dams can be built to store(貯存)water for agricultural use in dry areas and dry seasons.


58.treat  vt.以…態度對待→vt.治療,醫治 v.&n.款待,招待


The doctor is skilled at treating(治療)heart trouble and never accepts any gift from his patients, so he has a very good reputation.


Let's go out for lunch—my treat(款待).


59.walk  v.& n.行走;步行→n.行業


This society welcomes people from all walks(行業)of life.


60.wear  v.穿,戴→v.麵帶,流露;留(發,須等)


I can still remember he was always wearing(麵帶)a smile and willing to help.


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