英語名段賞析-An human existence should be like a river人生就像一條河


今天我們賞析的是英國二十世紀英國大哲學家羅素關於人生的思考。他認為人生就像一條河,剛開始激流澎湃,最後歸於大海。



An individual human existence should be like a river -- small at first, narrowly contained within its banks, and rushing passionately past boulders and over waterfalls. Gradually the river grows wider, the banks recede, the waters flow more quietly, and in the end, without any visible break, they become merged in the sea, and painlessly lose their individual being. 

個人的存在應該像一條河流,開始很小,被緊緊地夾在兩岸中間,接著熱情奔放地衝過巨石,飛下瀑布。然後河麵漸漸地變寬,兩岸後撤,河水流得平緩起來,最後連綿不斷地彙入大海,毫無痛苦地失去了自我的存在。


詞彙 

individual (adj.)  個人的;existence  (n.)  存在;

contain  (v.)  包含,容納;rush  (v.) 衝,極速移動;boulder   (n.)大石頭

passionately (adv.) 激情地;waterfall (n.) 瀑布;

recede (v.)後退;flow (v.) 流動,流逝;

visible (adj.)  可見的;merge  (v.)  合並,彙合;

painlessly  (adv.)毫無痛苦地;being   (n.)存在,存在體,生命體。


句式分析

1. An individual human existence should be like a river -- small at first, narrowly contained within its banks, and rushing passionately past boulders and over waterfalls.

個人的存在應該像一條河流,開始很小,被緊緊地夾在兩岸中間,接著熱情奔放地衝過巨石,飛下瀑布。


be like 像:I am like a bird. 我像一隻鳥。注意和like(v.喜歡)用法不同。


-- small ... and rushing ... 

破折號後麵屬於插入語,修飾river,表明river的特征。

small是形容詞,rushing屬於分詞,在此充當形容詞使用:

The boy studying English is Jack. 本句中的studying English就屬於分詞作boy的定語,作用相當於形容詞。


2. Gradually the river grows wider, the banks recede, the waters flow more quietly, and in the end, without any visible break, they become merged in the sea, and painlessly lose their individual being. 

然後河麵漸漸地變寬,兩岸後撤,河水流得平緩起來,最後連綿不斷地彙入大海,毫無痛苦地失去了自我的存在。


本句較長,但仔細觀察就會發現並不複雜,因為它由四個分句構成:

1. Gradually the river grows wider, 

2. the banks recede

3. the waters flow more quietly, 

4. and in the end, without any visible break, they become merged in the sea, and painlessly lose their individual being. 

屬於A,B,C, and D句式,四個句子並列。




Bertrand Arthur William Russell

(18 May 1872 – 2 February 1970)

伯特蘭·亞瑟·威廉·羅素,二十世紀英國哲學家、數學家、邏輯學家、曆史學家, 諾貝爾文學獎獲得者,分析哲學創始人之一。1920年8月,羅素訪問過中國。

羅素名言欣賞

Do not fear to be eccentric in opinion, for every opinion now accepted was once eccentric.?

不要害怕懷有怪念頭,因為現在人們接受的所有的觀念都曾經是怪念頭。


It has been said that man is a rational animal. All my life I have been searching for evidence which could support this.?

據說人是一種理性動物。窮我自己一生,我都在尋找這觀點的證據。


Many people would sooner die than think; in fact, they do so.?

有很多人,讓他們思考一下還不如讓他們去死。事實上,很多人還沒思考過就已經死了。




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下一篇 : 蘇教版三年級英語下冊 Unit 3 - Is this your pencil ?


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