外語演講比賽參賽寶典


首先,謝謝封麵在牛津大學演講的王力宏先生,我鬥膽使用了您的照片。


故此,附一張作者近照辟邪。圖文無關。




其次,我必須得給自己又一次的標題黨道歉,沒轍,我得套路你點進來不是。


實際上,這篇文章應該叫《關於參加外語演講比賽的幾點提示》,比較合適。


近些年,刷著這張老臉,主持了一些國內的英文演講比賽;也被錯愛,時不常去混個評委一席。


自己從賽場走來,又變換身份走入賽場;目睹很多優秀,但說實話,也發現了大多平平。


結合個人這些年在英文演講比賽中的各種身份,鬥膽給各位幾點小提示。不管是命題演講,還是即興演講,以下幾點都可以作為一些具備普遍意義的粗淺體會。


因為起初都是在比賽現場隨手記下的,所以我直接用英文寫的,現在翻譯並重新整合了出來,雖然有點流水賬,但還是可以作為小貼士的形式,供參考。



A GOOD BIGGINNING

好的開頭是成功的一半


Come straight to the point, and try to make a splendid beginning.

演講比賽,一般講究開門見山。如果開得還漂亮,那再好不過了。


Let’s say, for example, children’s group of a certain competition, when it comes to make a one-minute speech with a given title, you don’t necessarily need to address your name and the name of your school or even which gender you are at the very beginning; but in actual fact, that has been some kids’ speaking habit for quite a long time and it’s a waste of your precious time and a waste of opportunity for you to make a sound start by directly addressing what your point is.

拿小學組比賽舉個例子,如果要求用一分鍾做一個演講,不管是即興與非即興。相當一部分的選手在開始演講之前會把自己的名字年齡學校甚至班級都自報家門一下,全說完,10幾秒過去了。這種做法其實在我看來並不可取。評委聽的是你的演講內容,你的班級學校在你的演講當中屬於無用信息,並且占用你寶貴的演講時間。更聰明的做法一定是直奔主題,開個好頭。


Same thing happens in bigger age group competition as well. Some contestants are used to say a few words like “Some believe that...and some else think that...while I believe...”, if you are making a 3 minute speech and you think it is quite necessary to make that comparison at the very beginning, you can do it. Yet in case you are about to make an impromptu speech which is demanded to be finished within one minute, it is definitely not wise to do so. Instead, come straight to your point and try your best to impress people with it.

其他組別比賽也有類似在開頭拖泥帶水的情況。比如有些選手在表達自己觀點之前愛說有些人認為......另一些人認為......而我認為......”,如果你擁有三分鍾來演講,並且這種對比是有助於你演講內容的,你可以這麼說。而若是一分鍾的演講,我真的不建議你這麼做。用一個漂亮的開場佳句振場,比什麼都強。


But only a splendid beginning is far from enough.

但是隻有好的開頭,是遠遠不夠的。


On the basis of “Well begun, half done”, make two to three supporting ideas afterwards. Make them simple to understand and deep to move the audience.

成功了一半後,提出兩至三個支撐觀點。從簡至深,易懂感人。



ORGANIZING IDEAS

組織思路


As I have said, try to make 2 or 3 supporting ideas to form your speech; the less, the easier.

接著剛才提到的說,提出的兩至三個觀點要做到簡約而不簡單;當然,支撐觀點越少,越容易說。


The first point is always your very first thought towards this topic. It is easy for you to say something that comes to your mind in the first place, after all you don’t boast too much time to really organize your thought, you must use your quick wit to decide what to say. The easier, the better.

第一點,一般可以把你對所給題目的所作出的第一個判斷作為觀點,因為最前想到的觀點總是最容易說的,這樣可以迅速讓自己進入闡述的狀態。而且多數情況下,你也許沒有太多時間思考,所以迅速決定第一個觀點是非常重要的,簡單為上計。


While the second point must go deeper, if you really want a high mark. And it should be organized before you actually start the first point, or, if time is really limited, you can come up with it when the first point is being delivered; namely, thinking while speaking, of course, that calls for skills.  

第二點一定要分出層次,不能是簡單的羅列,當然除非你不想得高分。並且按道理講,所有的支撐點都要在開始演講前想好的,但是有時候即興問答真的沒有時間去想,那麼高級的做法是,邊說一點邊想一兩點,邊想第三點邊說第二點。當然,這需要經曆多次實踐出真知才能獲得的技巧。



ENDING

結尾


It is always wise to make a punchline, if possible. But speaking skills come from the book you read, the show you watch, the way you think, even the style you live with, as well as the level of your IQ and EQ. Speaking skills can not be trained; it is a comprehensive manifestation of your attitude towards life in a linguistic way. You know what I’m saying. Sometimes you know how to live, you know how to say. I seem to go a bit far away from what I’m saying, so I come to the END...

演講如果能用一句妙語結尾,那再好不過了。但是這屬於演講技巧。

要知道,演講技巧是不可以單獨學來的;演講技巧,來源於你讀的書,你看過的節目,你的思考和生活方式,甚至來源於你的智商和情商;在某種程度上說,它是你生活態度的語言體現。所以話說到這,技巧的東西都解決了。真正的高手無招,而是生活的閱曆使然。有點跑題了,趕緊結尾


At least, make an ending; even when you run out of time, make a 2 second one by repeating your point. That’s very important for it would change your unfinished speech into a finished one, and at the same time, let judges know, you know the rules of how to make a speech.

至少,要做個結尾。即便你演講到時間了,花2秒鍾重複一下你的觀點。這非常重要。這意味著你懂得將話題結束,告訴評委,你懂得結束語的重要性。


When you finish your speech, say “Thank you” instead of “That’s all.”; and...that’s all.

結束的時候,一般不要說我講完了,除非跟內容有關係,比如你說了特別精彩的一段貫口,然後用一個憨憨的講完了結尾很是帶勁。還沒有到那個成都的我們,一般來講,直接說謝謝比較好。



AMOUNT OF WORDS

多說還是少說?


There can be different strategies of the amount of words that you use.

說多說少?這得看情況。


If you run into some topic you’re interested in or familiar with, you may be eager to share and express what you’ve stored and accumulated in your mind. In this case, use one second to hold your horses; remind yourself: be precise. If you have the ability to speak more than demanded, please speak less hollow words, make every word coming from your mouth count.

如果你遇到了自己熟悉或是感興趣的話題,你可能會突然有很多話想說,甚至急於表露。此時你不妨讓心情平穩下來,提醒自己:要簡練。切記沒有邏輯地說個沒完。也就是說,如果你有能力表達的時候,要注意少說空話,讓自己的發言字字千金。


When you encounter some topic which is not your cup of tea or have few knowledge on, please grab the central meaning of the topic, and elaborate more and go deep. Make every effort to give each single word a power. Every second on the spot is gold. Don’t waste it speaking useless things nor let plenty of time waste by ending abnormally early instead of filling it in with some nice remarks you may come up with if you really care about the opportunity to speak.

而若是遇到了不熟悉和不感興趣的話題,請抓住原命題的中心,直搗黃龍,並且盡量地抓住一點挖深。同樣要讓自己吐出的每一個字都充滿力量。如果你真的在乎你所參加的比賽,或是足夠尊重你所站上的講台的話,就別說沒用的話,或是在截止時間前好久就草草結束。當然,說來容易,做起來,真的需要大量的積累和練習。



LANGUAGE DECORATION

語言的裝飾


It is nice to decorate your language with authentic pronunciation, but there is something more important than that. Speaking beautifully is important, but only beautiful speaking just resembles a vase with no flowers in it. In other words, it is important to make your English SOUND good, but it would be much more preferable to make it TASTE good.

在比賽當中,能操著一口漂亮的發音,當然是極好的。但還有比發音更重要的東西。說話悅耳動聽固然是件好事,但是如果語言美麗但內容空洞,就好像一個沒有鮮花的花瓶。換句話說,語言好聽固然重要,但是好吃更重要。


Language carries thoughts. What matters most is what you can bring to your listeners WITH your language, instead of language itself.

語言承載的是思想。重要的是你借助語言給聽眾帶來什麼,而不僅僅是語言本身。



SPEAKING MANNERS 

演講台風


In a speaking contest, speaking does matter; but speaking manners matter as well.

在演講比賽中,很重要,亦很重要。


You have to deal with your self-discipline on the stage. Start to speak when you stand still and make your mind sober. Act appropriately and speak gently as a educated person would. Don’t wave your hands too much unless your speech content needs that.

首先,你應該具備在舞台上應有的自律。上台先站定再開講,頭腦保持清醒。動作舉止體麵大方,語言話風體現教養。手勢不建議太多,除非演講內容真的需要。


Don’t shout; one, passion doesn’t equal to being crazy; two, your speech will not be scored by volume, three, you have a microphone.

其次,有理不在聲高。一、激情不等同與瘋狂。二、音量和分數不成正比。三、你有個話筒。


No worries about being nervous. It is such a normal thing and cannot be simply avoid. And you don’t have to know how to conquer your nerves and fear, learn to own it by concentrating on what you say. Get used to the nerves on the stage, and it can even help keep your mind clear when you see it positively.

再次,不用過分擔心緊張的情緒。緊張是正常現象,不緊張才不正常呢。所以我們不用非得學著怎麼去克服緊張和恐懼,換個角度,去用關注自己講話內容的方式去適應這種緊張感。台上的緊張是用來適應的,而不是用來克服的。而且,從不斷上台的經驗積累,學會讓這種適度的緊張感把自己說話的思路更加清晰。


Confidence is highly needed, but over-confidence can be annoying and even kills the speaker. Confidence and humbleness are not contradictory. If you talk glibly and humbly at the same time, you will be very popular among people.

還有,自信非常重要。但自負不好。過分的自信甚至可以置人於死地。自信和謙遜絕不矛盾,如果你能夠做到口若懸河而又溫文爾雅,你絕對是台上台下的萬人迷。


Always bear in mind: 

THINK GLOBALLY, SPEAK PERSONALLY

最後請記得:著眼於世界,著力於自己。


To be part of the game is more important than winning it.

To enjoy the game is more important than being part of it.

And to learn something from the game can always be the best thing after enjoying it.

——Gari, for every player of every game


結果重要,參與更重要;參與重要,享受更重要;享受重要,收獲更重要。

——張博為參賽者敬上



對了,我不是說要出一本書嗎?別著急,會有的。


最後,別忘點擊“閱讀原文”。都是套路。



下一篇 : 高考誌願填報需要注意的幾個問題(二)


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